After federal education institutions received the news of a 12% budget cut from the federal government in 2023, it was the turn of federal universities.
According to data from the National Association of Directors of Federal Higher Education Institutions (Andifes), funding is expected to drop to 4.7 billion rials next year, 600 million less than in 2021 without adjusting for inflation. adjustment.
Andifes president Marcus Vinicius David, who is also dean of UFJF, notes that the effect is even greater when price increases are considered.
“If we think about the inflation of food, energy, fuel, everything is expanding, and the budget is decreasing. We have already reduced as much as we could. Still in the middle of a pandemic, will I cut back on cleaning? At a time when the population is suffering so much from the economy, am I going to downsize the university restaurant? It is a very serious thing,” he said. CNN:.
THE: CNN: has sought a position from the Ministry of Education and is awaiting a return. Data from Andifes, which takes into account the annual approved budget for federal institutions, adjusted for IPCA, shows that in 2000 they had R$ 2.2 billion in funding, which fell to R$ 1.8 billion in 2001. R$, reaching R$1.7 billion. 2022 and 2003
Between 2004 and 2011, resources increased to 11 billion roubles. In 2012, the budget dropped to 10 billion rials, increasing again in 2013-2015, when it reached 12 billion rials.
As of 2016, there was a reduction, reaching R$7.4 billion in 2019. In 2020 it dropped to R$6.4 billion, the following year to R$4.9 billion, and in 2022 it reached a restructuring of R$5.4 billion.
The cuts apply to everything from paying for water and electricity contracts to scholarship programs and lab equipment. For example, UFRJ, which has 55,000 students, said it only has money to pay bills until August.
For the president of Antifes, the current total is impractical to keep the universities running. According to the 2020 Higher Education Census, Brazil has 1.9 million students in public universities.
“It is evidence of a fictitious budget, which is not related to guaranteeing the activity of state institutions. What Congress will vote on is not realistic and there is no guarantee that it will work. We are experiencing a very serious situation, which makes the system of federal state universities impractical,” he announced.
Besides worrying about the 2023 budget, Andifes is working to restore the 7% quota this year. As for next year, he is trying to negotiate with the federal government and predicts a mobilization of parliamentarians when the bill goes to Congress. Davit notes that the final vote will take place only after the October elections.
Federal institutions are on the move
This Wednesday (6), 41 rectors of federal institutes and cefets, which make up the federal technical and scientific network that serves from basic to higher education, went to Brazil to mobilize against the 12% cut in the 2023 budget and this year’s budget. coincidence.
They were received by the president of the chamber Artur Lira (PP), who promised to negotiate with the ministries of education and economy, in addition to the National Fund for Education Development.
The group has been with more than 60 parliamentarians, such as this year’s budget rapporteurs, federal deputy Hugo Leal (PSD), and next year, senator Marcelo Castro (MDB).
Updated calculations by the National Council of Institutions of the Federal Network of Vocational, Scientific and Technological Education (CONIF) show that the loss could reach 307 million rials.
The budget approved in 2021, without coincidence, was 2.4 billion rubles. The resources needed for the foundation of the federal network for the organization will amount to R$ 3.2 billion. Among the impacts in the fall are a reduction in the program for students with disabilities and hiring specialists to oversee investments.
Conif president, IFPA dean Claudio Alex Rocha says that the meetings held this Wednesday were productive in seeking solutions for education in the country.
Interrogated CNN: Regarding the cuts to federal institutions, the JEC reported that “the 2023 budget bill is still being prepared and therefore has not been sent to the National Congress. That is why there may still be changes that will affect the budget.”
Conif data shows that between 2012 and 2022, the number of universities in the federal technology network increased from 408 to more than 600. The budget has not moved at the same pace.
Between 2012 and 2015, it grew from R$1.7 billion to R$2.8 billion. In 2016, it suffered its first cut and fell to R$2.5 billion, falling even further in 2017 when it reached R$2.1 billion. It increased to 2.2 billion BRL in 2018, was around 2.3 billion BRL in 2019 and 2020, but decreased to 1.9 billion BRL in 2021.