The innovative policy of the executive committee of the Cacaueira Crop Plan (Ceplac) aims to promote development; cocoa culturereducing bureaucratic processes and introducing technology Legal actionamong other activities, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa).
Ceplac. innovation and technology in cocoa cultivation
In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) issued Resolution No. 10,253, according to which Ceplac is no longer responsible for the promotion of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (ATER).
However, Ceplac continues to indirectly support ATER, technicians of the National Service of Rural Training (Senar) and other institutions of different management sectors, in addition to cooperatives, through cooperation agreements, highlights the official extension of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and. Supply (Mapa).
Cultivation of cocoa. automation and benefits for the industry
In addition to research and innovation, one of the goals is to encourage industrial automation during cocoa post-harvest, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) informs. According to the commission, Brazil is the only country that has a complete cocoa chain in its territory, from production to consumer chocolate, including the production of cosmetics.
Stages of cocoa industrialization
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) explains that there are two stages of industrialization: first, during pre-processing, when the fruit is harvested and opened, the seeds are removed, the pulp is removed, the seeds are fermented, drying and storing the beans to be processed of cocoa butter, liquor, or powder.
Soon comes the chocolate industry, which buys these derivatives and produces chocolate, cosmetics and other products. The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) clarifies that in the first stage, the process is done manually, which becomes an obstacle to production, as it can affect the quality of the product and sufficient labor force.
Currently, the producer harvests the cacao and breaks the fruit. During the fermentation of the seeds, it is necessary to go to the farm every day to take the fruit from the feeder and put it in another one. It is at this point that Ceplac plans to encourage mechanization, emphasizes the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa).
Oh The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) explains that the goal is to achieve self-sufficiency in cocoa production at 300,000 tons per year by 2025, and to reach 400,000 tons by 2030, which will allow for increased exports of cocoa, derivatives and chocolate. These values have the potential to elevate Brazil to third place among the world’s largest cocoa producers.
The country also holds another title: the largest bank of cocoa genetic material in the world, owned by the Ceplac research center. More than 53,000 species of cacao collected over several years are kept alive at the José Haroldo Cacau Genetic Resources Station in Marituba, Pará.
Official data and main producing regions
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa), about 2,200 of the 53,000 plants have different genotypes, 1,100 originated from seeds, and the rest were cloned from seedlings formed from pieces of twigs.
According to Ceplac, Brazil’s productivity expansion will take place in the traditionally producing regions of Pará and Bahia, which together represent 96% of national production, with more productive varieties and more resistant to the plague of moniliasis.
Additionally, expansion will continue through new areas such as the Cerrado biome; Caatinga. Bahia, Ceará and Sergipe; In Roraima, Amapa, São Paulo and Minas Gerais, details the official disclosure of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa).