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Difference between benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors




If the patient is diagnosed with cancer, it must first be determined whether the cancer is benign or malignant. ONE benign tumor is a phase in which cells show normal growth, but cell production is higher, resulting in a abnormal lump (compact mass) takes. in the case of a malignant tumor if the cell shows abnormal growth, it grows uncontrolled in numbers, it produces clumps and leads to the cancer cell.

In second place to spread the cells of a benign tumor from its site of origin No to other parts of the body, while cells from a malignant tumor can spread from their place of origin to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymph vessels (metastasis) System.

cancer cells grow up by definition and multiply rapidly, by definition, which is contrary to normal control (referred to as neoplastic) and can invade surrounding tissues and colonize distant organs (if malignant). Cancer cells are believed to originate from a single cell that has undergone an initial mutation and also undergoes many additional mutations and other related changes in the cell. So we can say that the benign tumor it’s not cancerous while the malignant tumor it’s cancerous .

At this point, we will discuss the general difference between the two types of tumors with a summary.

Comparison table

basis of comparison Benign tumor Malignant tumor
meaning Cell overgrowth that forms a cluster (compact mass) at the site of origin but does not metastasize is called a benign tumor. Excessive, abnormal and uncontrollable cell growth that can metastasize to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system is called a malignant tumor.
The growth rate slow growth Fast growing cells because they divide quickly.
invasion activity The benign tumor does not invade surrounding tissues. A malignant tumor can invade surrounding tissue.
ability to spread Benign tumors do not spread to the removed site. They only grow where they started. A malignant tumor can spread to the removed site using blood or the lymphatic system as a medium.
cell appearance In benign tumor cells, they often appear abnormal like normal cell growth and are easily detectable by the pathologist. Even in the case of malignant tumor, cells look abnormal, irregularly shaped, increase in size, dark colored cells, abnormal growth of nuclei, nuclei, DNA and chromosomes are observed by the pathologist under a microscope.
systemic effect Benign tumor shows its effect only at the site of origin and does not spread. The effects of the malignant tumor throughout the body lead to weight loss and fatigue. This is also known as paraneoplastic syndrome.
repetition There is less chance of recurrence if the benign tumor is surgically removed. If the malignant tumors have spread to any part of the body, there is a chance of recurrence even after surgery. For example, if breast cancer is removed, it can come back in the lungs or bones.
treatments A benign tumor can usually be treated with surgery, drugs, or, for a time, radiation therapy. In the case of malignant tumor chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy drugs are administered to eradicate the cancer cells.
examples Nevi (birthmarks), fibroids (muscle tissue), adenomas (epithelial tissue covering organs and glands), neuromas (nerves), papillomas
(skin, breast, cervix and mucous membranes), osteochondromas (bones).
Sarcomas (connective tissues such as tendons, muscles, fat and cartilage), carcinomas (glandular organs and tissues such as the cervix, prostate, lungs, breast and thyroid).

Definition of benign (non-cancerous) tumor

The non-cancerous growth of the cell in the body is called a benign tumor. You can train anywhere. Whenever a person discovers a lump or mass on their body that can be felt by touch, they should ask their doctor to examine it.

Most tumors in the body are just benign, although the exact cause is still unknown. However, it is believed that when the body’s cells are dividing and growing at a faster rate than normal and the body is unable to control cell growth, it is likely to be referred to as a benign tumor.

Features

  • slow growth
  • non-invasive.
  • encapsulated.
  • Not carcinogenic.

causes

As I said, the exact details are still unknown, but it could be caused by the following:

  • stress
  • environmental factors, exposure to radiation.
  • drugs, inflammation.
  • Infection.
  • genetics.
  • Diet.

Types of benign tumors

There are many types of tumors that can develop in different parts of the body and they are named according to where they grow, such as lipoma (grows from fat cells), fibroids (from muscle cells), nevi (birthmarks) ), fibroids or fibroids (in fibrous tissue), adenomas (organs and other internal structures of the body).

the diagnosis is done using a variety of techniques, starting with a physical exam, a medical history, and other imaging tests such as CT scans, ultrasound, X-rays, mammograms, and MRIs. Most importantly, benign tumor cells are surrounded by the “bag” which is a protective layer that separates these cells from normal cells and is therefore easy to identify and remove.

The treatment it is not necessary for all types of benign tumors until they cause problems. The doctor suggests just waiting, but sometimes it also depends on the location of the tumor. Although surgery is the most popular type of treatment. Others include drugs or radiation therapy.

Benign tumors can be dangerous when they put pressure on vital structures like the brain, nerves and blood vessels. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet and daily exercise can also prevent health problems and cancer.

Definition of malignant (cancerous) tumor

The first thing the doctor does after determining the cancer is to determine whether it is benign or malignant. If the malignant tumor is detected, it means that the cells have become cancerous. at the latin willborn bad ‘ considered malicious. As already mentioned, the most important factor is uncontrollable growth, multiplication of cells, metastasis (spread) to other parts of the body and even invading surrounding tissues.

Cancer cells acquire special features such as changes in cell signaling pathways and ignore cell signals that control cell proliferation. Cancer cells are very unstable and migrate to other parts through the bloodstream, lymphatic system or circulatory system.

causes

Commonly accepted causes of cancer are:

  • Smoke.
  • Obesity.
  • Alcohol.
  • poor diet.
  • Environment pollution.
  • radiation exposure.
  • household toxins.

Features

  • Rapid growth.
  • Not encapsulated.
  • Cancer.
  • metastasis.
  • Invasive and infiltrated.

It is observed that malignant tumors do not have symptoms in the initial stage, but can be recognized by pain in lumps in any part of the body. Gradually these cells begin to grow, putting pressure on the organs, nerves, blood vessels, aches and pains at the site of occurrence.

There are about 200 types of cancer; The biopsy commonly used to determine cancer outcomes. The staging method also used to determine the stage of cancer (0-4). The higher the number, the more aggressive the cancer.

The treatment protocols may vary depending on the type and stage of the patient’s cancer. However, chemotherapy and radiation is the most common way of treating the patient.

Main differences between benign and malignant tumors

Below are the notable points that distinguish benign tumors from malignant tumors:

  1. Of benign tumor can be defined as the overgrowth of the cell that forms a cluster (compact mass) at the site of origin, but does not metastasize. Excessive, abnormal and uncontrollable cell growth that can metastasize to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system is called called malignant tumor .
  2. benign tumor cells grow slowly compared to malignant tumor cells, which grow rapidly. Unlike benign tumor penetrate malignant tumor cells in the adjacent tissue and thus spread to other parts.
  3. A benign tumor is characterized by cell shape, growth, size and ability to spread diagnosed, if they spread to other parts and even cell growth, shape and size are not normal like that of another cell. you can like called malignant tumor . Even with the malignant tumor is the shape of the cell irregular, enlarged, not normal and there is abnormal growth of genetic material (DNA).
  4. The benign tumor shows its effect only hometown and does not spread or metastasize, while one of the main features of the malignant tumor is that it full body it works and thus leading to weight loss and fatigue. This is also known as the paraneoplastic tumor syndrome.
  5. The probability of recidivism it is smaller when the benign tumor is removed by surgery, although it is not the case with the malignant tumor, which has the maximum chance of spreading to any part of the body, even though there is a chance of recurrence even after the surgery. For example, if breast cancer is removed, it can come back in the lungs or bones.
  6. The treatment A benign tumor can usually be treated by surgery, medication or for a while radiotherapy, but in the case of malignant tumor chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy are given to eradicate the cancer cells.
  7. examples for benign tumors are nevi (birthmarks), fibroids (muscle tissue), adenomas (epithelial tissue covering organs and glands), neuromas (nerves), papillomas (skin, breast, cervix and mucous membranes), osteochondromas ( bones), while sarcomas (connective tissue such as tendons, muscles, fat and cartilage), carcinomas (organs and glandular tissues such as cervix, prostate, lung, breast and thyroid) are an example of a malignant tumor.

similarities

  • No cell death.
  • The cell multiplies rapidly and continues to grow.

Conclusion

Tumor can be defined by definition as the rapid growth and proliferation of the cell against normal control, resulting in the form of a nodule or mass. If this mass is not harmful and painless, it is called a benign tumor. However, if the lump or mass metastasizes (spreads) to another part of the body and is painful, which can also be fatal, it is called a cancer cell or malignant tumor. Hence, one should consult the doctor as soon as he feels such symptoms in the body.

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