Difference between consulate and embassy

A Diplomatic Mission is an international office in a country where a group of officials represents the home country of the host country, protecting the interests of citizens and the home country in the host country. The diplomatic mission includes embassies and consulates, with the embassy serving as the nerve center for diplomatic representation of the public administration of one nation in another.

On the other hand, the consulate is an arm of the embassy that diplomatically represents the government of a country in a foreign city. He handles travel and immigration. Read this article to understand the difference between a consulate and an embassy.

Comparison table

basis of comparison consulate message
meaning The branch of an embassy that represents the host country’s home country is called a consulate. The diplomatic presence of the government of one country in another country is called an embassy.
head General Consul ambassador
number Several only one
located in Subways, financial capitals and tourist cities. capital of the country
deals with Little problems diplomatic issues

Definition of consulate

Consulate is the small form of embassy, ​​that is, an official office of one country in the territory of another country. It is chaired by the Consul General, who reports to the Ambassador. It is located in several metropolitan areas of the host country, with the exception of the country’s capital.

The consulate mainly handles the matters of passports of citizens of the country represented by the consulate and visas of foreigners wishing to travel to the consulate’s home country. It also keeps records of births, marriages, divorces and deaths of citizens belonging to the country of origin.

In addition, it aims to facilitate trade and maintain a friendly relationship between the two countries. She is responsible for protecting the citizens of the Consul’s own country.

message definition

Embassy means a country’s main diplomatic office in another country, which includes an ambassador and other officials representing their home country in the host country. It is a permanent diplomatic presence in the host country that works to maintain the relationship between the host country and the nation represented by the embassy. It informs the home country about what is happening in the host country.

The embassy serves as a country’s foreign policy headquarters, located within the borders of another country. There can only be one embassy of one country in another country, and only in the state capital.

The top echelon of the state government appoints the ambassador, who is the top diplomatic official in another country and acts as the spokesperson for the home country.

Main differences between consulate and embassy

The points below are significant with regard to the difference between consulate and embassy:

  1. An embassy is defined as the main representation of a country within the borders of another country. On the other hand, a consulate can be understood as a subsection of the embassy, ​​representing a sovereign state that carries out the same activities in metropolitan areas as an embassy in the country’s capital.
  2. The head of the consulate is called the consul general, who reports to the ambassador. An ambassador is the head of the diplomatic mission, ie the embassy.
  3. There may be multiple consulates in one country, but there is only one embassy of one country on the territory of another country.
  4. Consulates are located in regional capitals and in other cities such as metropolises and tourist towns. The embassy, ​​on the other hand, can only be found in the capital of São Paulo.
  5. The job of an embassy differs from that of a consulate in that the embassy handles various diplomatic issues of the country while the consulate handles minor matters.


Embassy and consulate are the two missions that help to maintain harmony between the two countries. An embassy is larger compared to a consulate or the former is the headquarters. These two represent the home country in someone else’s territory and handle various diplomatic matters.

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