EU lawmakers have agreed to ban the production of new passenger cars and minibuses with internal combustion engines from 2035. The bill must now be formally approved by the EU Council and the European Parliament. It is expected to be adopted with minor changes.
The main provisions of the bill state that CO2 emissions from new cars must be reduced by 55% by 2030, and new minibuses and vans must have 50% lower emissions compared to 2021. Thus, until 2035, the reduction of CO2 emissions for all types of new cars is set at 100%, which effectively means a complete ban on the use of internal combustion engines.
The bill contains additional points. For example, manufacturers producing 10,000 passenger cars or 22,000 minibuses per year will not be subject to the 50% and 55% emission reduction requirements until 2030. They only have until 2035 to meet the zero emissions requirement. This is so called. The Ferrari Clause is designed to protect small businesses.
The bill also includes an optional proposal to allow “CO2 neutral fuel only” vehicles after 2035, which include various types of biofuels, alcohols, methane, butane and hydrogen, if the vehicles “meet fleet standards.”
The last sentence is seen by some critics as a serious violation of the law, while others suggest that special vehicles, such as ambulances and fire engines, are designated uses for which an exception would be made. EU lawmakers said the wording of the proposal would still need to be fine-tuned before the bill officially becomes law.
Dutch politician Jan Huitema, who negotiated the bill on behalf of the European Parliament, praised the bill and said it would “create clarity for the automotive industry and encourage innovation and investment for car manufacturers”.
The new bill is the first and main part of the EU’s Fit for 55 bill, a package of laws that aims to reduce harmful emissions in the EU by 55% by 2030, with the ultimate goal of making the EU completely neutral. to carbon. until 2050 Other laws in the package would address issues such as land use, creating cleaner fuels for aviation and marine transportation, and providing new funding for the development of renewable energy technologies.
Other countries are also working to ban new vehicles with internal combustion engines. Great Britain plans to ban the sale of these cars until 2030, and in the USA California will ban them until 2035.