Eye Health Day.  50 million Brazilians suffer from visual impairment, according to the WHOEnglish 

Eye Health Day. 50 million Brazilians suffer from visual impairment, according to the WHO

According to doctors, everything from systemic diseases to tumors can be diagnosed with eye examinations.

July 10 is celebrated as Eye Health Day. The date is a warning about the prevention and early diagnosis of eye diseases. According to the World Health Organization, 60% of visual impairments are cases of blindness and visual impairment. Even with this reality, the Federal Council of Medicine (CFM) reported that the field of ophthalmology experienced a significant drop in the number of consultations between 2019 and 2020, by 34%.

To give you an idea of ​​the size of the drop, according to CFM, consultations, retinal mapping exams and eye pressure measurements fell from 18.5 million to 12.2 million during the same period mentioned above.

For Fabiola Gavioli Marazato, ophthalmologist at CBV – Hospital de Olhos, the data is worrying because many eye diseases can be detected after consulting an ophthalmologist. According to the doctor, everything from systemic diseases to tumors can be diagnosed with eye examinations.

Photo: Personal archive

“It is very important to emphasize that the eyes are not only minor problems, there are serious diseases that can lead to blindness if not detected and treated in time. Therefore, we advise you to visit an ophthalmologist every year,” said the doctor.

This lack of consistency has resulted in more people having severe cases of cataracts. A disease that is the biggest cause of reversibility according to the WHO and is very common in people over 55 years of age. Data from the Federal Board of Ophthalmology indicate an increase in the number of cataract surgeries. Between 2009 and 2019, 302,000 to 601,000 operations were registered.

“The biggest cause of blindness in the world is cataracts, a disease that we will all have one day and which is reversible with surgery. That’s why it doesn’t hurt to remember that prevention is the best medicine. In case of low vision, eye pain, frequent irritations, consult an ophthalmologist,” the doctor advised.

Also according to dr. Fabiola, the main eye diseases are acute bacterial conjunctivitis, viral conjunctivitis, chronic conjunctivitis (trachoma), cataract and glaucoma. In addition to a regular consultation with an ophthalmologist, the doctor also lists several tips for eye protection:


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  • Avoid scratching or rubbing the eyes;
  • Remove makeup before bed. Always check the authenticity of the products.
  • Do not share makeup;
  • Check glucose levels to avoid problems due to diabetes;
  • It is important to clean the area around the eyes (eyelids, eyelashes and corners) at least once a day. By removing the dirt, the patient avoids itching, irritation and even conjunctivitis.
  • Wear glasses or contact lenses during the appointment;
  • Wear sunglasses in very bright places;
  • Blink frequently to lubricate the cornea. This helps prevent computer vision syndrome.

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