Industrial revolution. how does it fall in ENEM?

Industrial revolution. An interpreted solution to an ENEM question

The term “Industrial Revolution” is used to define the period when England underwent a change in its production system starting in the 18th century.

The subject is very often covered by general history questions in the ENEM test, the National High School Examination.

So, to help you study better, today’s article has brought the annotated question solution on the topic that was charged in the ENEM test. Check it out!

A question about the industrial revolution. check it out.

English men, why plow for the lords who?
keep you in trouble?

Why painstakingly weave the rich clothes that?
your tyrants wear?

Why feed, clothe and save from cradle to grave?
those ungrateful parasites that exploit your sweat—oh,
who drinks your blood

SHELLEY: Men of England. Apud HAMMERMAN, L.
A history of human wealth. Rio de Janeiro. Zahar, 1982

The analysis of the passage allows us to find out that the romantic poet Shelley (1792-1822) recorded a contradiction in the socio-economic conditions of the nascent English working class during the industrial revolution. This contradiction is revealed

  • A) in the poverty of the workers, which was separated from the wealth of the leaders;
  • B) workers were paid at a rate commensurate with their efforts in the industry.
  • c) in the bourgeoisie, whose business was financed by the proletariat.
  • D) in the workplace, which was considered a guarantee of freedom.
  • E) in the wealth that the producers did not enjoy.


The correct answer to the ENEM question (2010 edition) is option E.

The text reproduced in the survey is a critique of the behavior of the English bourgeoisie during the Industrial Revolution. Its author believed that the owners of the means of production, i.e. the bourgeoisie, exploited the labor of the workers to create a large amount of wealth that was not shared with the workers, who received terrible wages and worked in unhealthy conditions.

It must be borne in mind that with the expansion of work in the factories of England at that time, the cities began to grow in disorder, receiving more and more workers who received meager wages and lived in terrible conditions.

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