Two of the most prominent pits have visible rims that, according to NASA, “apparently lead to caverns or voids.”
The US space agency (NASA) has reported that scientists have discovered shadowy spots in wells on the moon that have a constant temperature of about a “comfortable 17ºC”. NASA-funded researchers used data from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft. The discovery opens up prospects for lunar exploration.
Two of the most prominent pits have visible rims that, according to NASA, “apparently lead to caverns or voids.” Scientists believe these bubbles are responsible for perennial temperatures, limiting the heat during the day and keeping it from getting so cold at night.
But why is this so important? A day on the Moon is about 15 Earth days long. During that time, the surface of the natural satellite is constantly bombarded by sunlight and reaches temperatures as high as 127ºC. Nights are also extremely cold, reaching -173ºC.
Since the discovery of these pits in 2009, scientists have wondered if they lead to caves that could be explored and used as shelters, since the surface of the moon is not so “friendly”. The study of the moon is one of the main goals of the American agency.
“Knowing that they create a stable thermal environment helps us visualize these unique lunar features and the prospect of one day studying them.”
“Humans evolved by living in caves, and we can go back to caves when we live on the Moon,” David Page, co-author of the study, recalled to NASA’s portal.
The launch of NASA’s mission to return to the moon, Artemis I, already has three possible launch dates: August 29, September 2 and September 5. On Tuesday the 26th, the agency released a mission trailer showing the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and simulating the disengagement of the Orion capsule.
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July was a particularly busy month for the agency. Even before announcing possible dates for the Artemis I mission, it released the first images taken by the James Webb Space Telescope, showed photos of Jupiter taken by the same observatory, and even had Brazilian capitals as photo models of the International Space Station (ISS). .