The first Polish television sets differed significantly from those of today. They had no flat screens and it was impossible to hang them on the wall. CRT TVs were characterized by large dimensions and weight, even several dozen kilograms. Unfortunately, their size did not correspond to the large screen size. We present the first Polish TV sets from the People’s Republic of Poland.
Old Polish TV sets – what did they look like?
During the Polish People’s Republic, owning a television was often associated with a higher social position. When serials, popular entertainment shows or sports events were broadcast, not only families but also neighbors gathered in the homes. Old Polish TV sets had a soul. There are many amazing stories behind them. What brands were the most popular back then?
The Wisła is the first Polish television set produced by Warszawskie Zakłady Telewizji since 1957. The unit was modeled after the Soviet Avangard receivers. The Vistula screen size was 12 inches. To switch on the TV, you had to lift the top flap, under which adjustment buttons and speakers were placed.
Wisła is the only Polish tube television equipped with a soundtrack. The next ones perceived the sound using the differential method. Until the mid-1970s, Wisła was the only Polish television set equipped with a mains transformer. In the course of production, the receiver layout was changed – the Soviet lamps were partially replaced with those produced by ZWLE. After introducing changes, this version was named Wisła B, the previous one was called Wisła A.
Belweder was the second Polish black and white television set produced by Warszawskie Zakłady Produkcyjne. It was created on the basis of Polish documentation and Polish parts. This model made its debut in 1957. Its price-to-earnings ratio was really high. The price of the new TV was around PLN 7,000, and the average salary in PLN at that time ranged from PLN 1,000-2,000.
Despite the high price, it is Belweder TV sets that are considered to be the beginning of the television era in Poland. In 1958 alone, 60,000 units were produced. The appearance of the receiver was modeled on television sets of Western production. The number of lamp types and component values is limited. Some components were produced specifically for the creation of Belvedere Palace.
These are Polish TV sets from the 1960s, which were produced in the DIORA factory in Dzierżoniów. The distinguishing feature of this receiver was its extremely small housing. The elements inside the unit were packed too tightly, causing major problems during repairs. Contrast, brightness and volume could be adjusted with a remote control connected to the TV via a cable several meters long.
The Rubin 714p is one of the most popular and distinctive television sets from the communist period. It was exported to as many as 65 countries. In Poland in the 1970s it was produced under the Soviet license. What set it apart from its predecessors was a 24-inch screen and a modern electronic system. Its main disadvantages were the weight, which was 57 kg, and a large power consumption.
Ruby could run for decades. However, its owners have repeatedly complained about spontaneous combustion in these units. Their main reasons were the poor quality of materials and poor ventilation, especially if the receiver was placed inside a rack.
Also see: How much power does the TV use? Check how much you want to pay
Jupiter – color Polish TV sets from the People’s Republic of Poland
These are the first Polish color televisions manufactured in Warszawskie Zakłady Telewizji since 1977. Due to the fact that this company also assembled the Soviet Rubin television sets, the plant had access to the best technologies of that period. Jupiter, however, was a receiver designed and manufactured exclusively in Poland. However, these televisions were considered luxury items and few people could afford them.
Neptun color TV sets were manufactured at the Unimor factory in Gdańsk. They were produced in the eighties and nineties. These Polish TV sets from the People’s Republic of Poland were of high quality compared to the standards of that period. They interrupted until the end of communism and until the nineties.
This is one of the most interesting models produced by Unimor. You can take the portable Naptun 150 TV with you for a walk or a picnic in the park. What exactly made him stand out? The receiver was equipped with a 12-inch screen and a built-in headphone jack. It was also possible to drive it from the mains or with a constant voltage from the battery, corresponding to 12V. Later, its components were used to produce the Neptun 156 screen.
Helios is one of the last Polish TV sets of the 1980s. He was the successor of Jupiter receiver. Three series of this device were produced – TC 400, TC 500 and TC 700 with a screen diagonal of 20, 22 inches and 26 inches, respectively. There were also versions of the Helios with a display module that could be connected to a computer or video using the RGB connector.
Helios was produced in Poland by the electronics company Unitra. A distinctive feature of this receiver is a pull-out drawer in which are mounted buttons used to adjust the four available channels. Helios, like Neptun – equally popular Polish television sets from the People’s Republic of Poland – also operated after the change of the political system
Electronic equipment built in Poland under communism had to have a special permit from the Soviet authorities. Many components were exported from the Soviet Union or other countries belonging to the communist bloc.
One of the most popular television sets from the Polish People’s Republic was the Elektronika C432 receiver, which was produced at the Mezon and Viton factories. It is a color cathode ray tube TV with a 10 inch screen, which made it possible to program a total of 6 channels.
It was a Polish full-transistor color TV. It has been produced since the late 1970s under the French license of the Thomson brand. The screen size was 22 inches. The television set was adapted to receive SECAM color television signals.
It is the predecessor of the Jupiter 04. Compared to other receivers, it was distinguished by a key-locked door that covered the buttons. The design of the device was based on elements imported from Western countries.
Read also: Cult cars from the era of the Polish People’s Republic – a nostalgic review