Python String | Split() and how to use it

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Python is the most popular programming language in the world and this is thanks to tools like String | divide(). You see, Python includes many native shortcuts and alternate ways of coding, making life infinitely easier for new programmers.

String | Split() is one such method and will be useful when working with strings, text documents or long databases. This article will tell you everything you need to know about it, from its syntax to the most common mistakes newbies make and how to avoid them.

Let’s dive in!

What is the circuit | Split() method?

When we code with Python, we can work with a huge array of data. This data is given a name or class according to its nature. Strings are a class of data that typically contain text, numbers, and other information displayed as Unicode characters.

You can access classes with various tools that are included with Python. Split() is one of these predefined classes and works exclusively with strings.

Strings have their own collection of methods. Methods act as a function specially designed for one class and cannot work in any other except the assigned one.

So the split() method can (as the name suggests) split a string and then return a new list based on the results. We can specify what we want it to return based on certain parameters, but let’s get into the basics first.

String | Syntax Split().

The syntax for working with Split() is very simple, which makes it really appealing to both new and experienced programmers.

First we establish the string variable attached to the method. Then the first parameter in parentheses called the separator, determines when the string is split. If not defined, any white space will act as a delimiter.

The second parameter, maximum separation, is the maximum number of times the string is split. If we don’t specify it, then -1 is set by default, which means an infinite number of divisions.

Now let’s see what this all looks like:


As you can see, we have created a new list with the words from the original string.

In this example, the parameters are not specified, which means that the splitter and maxsplit parameters are left in their default state. So the original string is split whenever there is a space as many times as possible.

Sample codes

Let’s see how Split works when we define a separator.


As you can see, in this example we specified the delimiter parameter where we wanted the string to be split. It should be noted that although we have used punctuation as examples, the delimiter parameter may be all you need. The code printed is the same in both cases.

String | Split() with the maximum number of splits

When the maxsplit parameter receives a value, the feedback stops at that specified number.


As you can see, divide() The method reads the code from left to right, meaning that if we set max 1 split in this 4-element string, we get the first element in a string separated from the next three.

Why use String | Divide()?

We have just seen what the split method can do using simple examples, but they are far from showing a real situation.

Now take a moment and imagine that you are working with a very large document full of text and content that you need to process. Python projects usually work with large amounts of data, so it’s pretty accurate.

This is when you can appreciate the full power of split().

You can convert any text to upper or lower case, create a list of items, or replace content using a combination of other string methods.

With the split() method, you can modify any text document as if it were a string. Just specify the parameters (if needed) and you’re done. A new list is created, ready for any changes you can think of.

Let’s write some sample text so we can process it. Let’s imagine this is a .txt document that we import into the code:


Now that we have a document, let’s see how the syntax works.


The “with” function is a context manager that allows us to call and use a file in a Python project.

Python String | Split() and how to use it FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

When was Python released?

Python was released in 1991 by its creator Guido van Rossum as a successor to the ABC programming language. Python 2.0 first appeared in 2000. The current version, Python 2.7.18, was released in 2020.

What is the difference between a method and a function?

They are technically the same, but they generally apply to different tasks. A method is a function that can only operate on a particular class. On the other hand, you can define functions to work with any type of variable.

Is Python a popular programming language?

Along with C, Java and many others, Python is one of the most popular programming languages ​​in the world due to its simplicity and applicability in the growing world of data analysis.

Can I use Split() to return part of a string?

No. For such a task, you’ll need to use another Python tool called the Slicing operator. The Split method always returns the full string split into a new list.

Is Split() available in another programming language?

yes Split() is a method originally introduced in many programming languages ​​besides Python, such as C and Java. Each language uses a different syntax, but ultimately the method produces similar results.

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