In the mobile industry, 2022 was marked by the launch of independent 5G networks in Brazil; for the sale of Oi to rivals Claro, TIM and Vivo; for the sale of Twitter to millionaire Elon Musk; even more. Take a look below at some of the most important issues of the past 12 months that made the news at Mobile Time.
The arrival of 5G – After a spectrum auction that attracted not only large operators, but also regional telecoms, ISPs and neutral networks, 5G in the independent standard arrived in Brazil this year, starting in Brasília, in July. Little by little the other capitals were getting the news. In São Paulo, the new network was activated in August. The 3.5GHz spectrum is being released gradually as the frequency, which was previously used for satellite data transmission in the C-band used by satellite TV dishes, is cleared. To launch the band, the TV broadcast switched to the Ku band, and reception kits in this new technology are being distributed to the low-income population.
Selling Oi – The process of selling Oi for BRL 16 billion to Claro, TIM and Vivo was completed in April this year, but new chapters emerged later, such as the question of the final amount to be paid and the criticism regarding the LTRO for MVNOs , which was one. of the considerations required by Cade to approve the transaction.
Paid WhatsApp, Open API and Communities – The year was busy for WhatsApp and the entire ecosystem of companies that revolve around the most popular app in Brazil. In March, the Central Bank authorized the transfer of value between individuals with a debit card within WhatsApp. Still in the first half, WhatsApp eased the rules for using its API, making it accessible to more companies. Then came the announcement of the Comunidades functionality, which will significantly change the use of the application, but which should only be launched in Brazil in 2023. Recently, BC authorized Visa and Mastercard credit card payments within WhatsApp – anytime , the innovation must go into action with a national retailer.
Telegram grows and creates representation in Brazil – After much pressure from the Brazilian authorities, Telegram finally established a representative office in Brazil and signed an agreement with the TSE to curb electoral fake news on its platform. At the same time, the messenger grew domestically, being installed on 65% of national smartphones, according to a Panorama Mobile Time/Opinion Box survey. Another important innovation from the WhatsApp rival was the launch of the premium version, which recently crossed the 1 million subscriber mark.
Open finance becomes a reality – Open finance has become a reality for the end user, in the form of new products such as an ATM financial manager; personalized offers; and simplified onboarding. Due to the complexity, the speed of adoption and the size of the national market, Brazilian open finance has become a world reference. As of December, Nubank and Banco do Brasil had so far registered 2 million and 1.3 million customers joining open finance.
National Identity Card (CIN) – Brazil finally started having a standardized ID card across the country and using the CPF as the identification number. This is the National Identity Card (CIN), issued by states, which will have a digital version in the app. The innovation will help in the fight against fraud.
Extending the border of tele – In 2022, operators continued to expand their business boundaries into other sectors. TIM signed a joint venture with FS in digital security services and is now preparing its entry into the energy sector, with distributed generation. Vivo and Ânima created edtech Vivae. And Algar started offering a subscription to a smart home service.
Regulation of large technologies in Europe – Reinforcing its pioneering role in technology regulation, Europe this year adopted the Digital Markets Act and the Digital Services Act, setting out a set of rules for the operation of certain online services that will have significant impacts on so-called big technologies. (Apple, Amazon, Google, Meta and Microsoft). One of the requirements is to have interoperability between messaging apps.
Satellite on mobile – Satellite communication is already inside mobile phones. The iPhone 14, released this year, is the first smartphone to offer satellite communication for emergency services. This means, if the user is in a region without a mobile network signal, he will be able to call for help thanks to satellite communication, in a partnership between Apple and Globalstar. In another initiative, the US carrier T-Mobile and SpaceX signed an agreement to bring satellite coverage to mobile phones through the 2.5 GHz frequency.
Elon Musk buys Twitter – Twitter was sold to American billionaire Elon Musk, but the transaction took months to complete and turned into a Mexican soap opera. After announcing an agreement between the parties for the acquisition that would be completed at a price of $44 billion in April 2022, Musk turned around and tried to cancel the deal, claiming that he had been misled about the number of fake users. (robots) on the platform. But it was too late and, to avoid a long court battle, the billionaire had to fulfill the signed contract and pay the bill. Shortly after he took over, there were massive layoffs and much controversy surrounding the new management and products like the user verification token.
brazilian koo – An Indian social network called Koo became a sensation among Brazilians overnight, following rumors of the end of Twitter. Koo’s founders were surprised, but quickly embraced the new community and prepared features to please Brazilians.
3.7 GHz band for private networks – In an important initiative to promote private mobile networks in the country, Anatel released a portion of the 3.7 GHz to 3.8 GHz band for SLP authorizations.