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Spruce in the garden. How to grow this tree? When to plant a “Christmas tree” and how to care for this conifer? We recommend spruce for small gardens

Spruce trees are often associated with the Christmas tree, but these trees are also grown in gardens. There are several species, but many more varieties, which means that they can be grown on larger and smaller areas. We advise you on how to grow junipers in the garden and when it is best to plant them.

Spruce trees are popular conifers. Common spruce grows naturally in Poland, but other species such as silver, Serbian, spiny (silver), white and Caucasian spruce have been grown in gardens for a long time. They are all large trees, but various varieties have been grown that differ in shape and size. Therefore, these conifers can be chosen for both large and small gardens.

Although there are other types of Christmas decorations, spruces are the most picturesque Christmas trees. These trees reach large sizes, as they grow up to 30-50 m in height. They have conical, rather slender crowns with a pronounced, sharp tip. However, the shape of the trees as well as their size depend on the species and variety and can vary greatly.
Spruce needles are prickly, and in addition to green, they can also be blue, silvery or golden in color. They do not fall during the winter, although the trees, of course, gradually replace them with new ones.

Some types and varieties of spruce are distinguished by the color of needles or dwarf sizes or unusual habits. Akuptsowa / pixabay.com

The cones, of which they can produce a lot, are cylindrical and hang down. They fall to the ground in winter or spring. It is worth remembering that before cones are formed, spruces produce flowers, although they are different from what we associate with a flower with petals and a crown. They appear in April-May and look like small yellowish cones at the ends of shoots (male flowers) and larger female flowers that are red or green, pointing vertically upwards. They will form “real” cones.
Spruce branches can be facing upwards or overhanging downwards (depending, among other things, on the age of the tree and the species).

Spruce requirements may vary slightly depending on the species. In general, they thrive best in sunny places, on relatively fertile, humus soils, preferably slightly acidic (only juniper likes calcareous soil). Let’s not plant them on sandy soil. If we want spruces to grow well and healthily, we have to take care of soil moisture, because they have a shallow root system, and increasingly summer heat and drought do not suit them. They are also sensitive to lack of water in winter, so if it is relatively warm but dry, do not forget to water the spruce trees. These trees are resistant to frost, and most species are also resistant to air pollution (the exception is common spruce).

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