The fake video montages Lula voting for Bolsonaro

where it was published: TikTok.

Completion of proofThe video shared on TikTok is a montage that combines images of an interview given by former President Lula (PT) to a Salvadoran (BA) radio station with a fake voice of unknown origin suggesting that he will announce his voice and ask: to support President Jair Bolsonaro (PL). When watching the video, it is possible to notice a clear lack of synchrony between the sound and the image, which condemns the material targeted by this check as fake.

The 31-second segment used for the montage is based on a message Lula made on social media on March 6, 2018, when the politician gave an interview to Jornal da Bahia, from Rádio Metropole. By accessing the video of the interview in its entirety, with the original recording, it is possible to find out what the politician is actually saying, which is in no way similar to the editing prompts.

During the interview, in an election year, the same images were used in the production of disinformation pieces also intended to suggest Lula’s support for Bolsonaro. They have been denied by the PT itself and the verification agencies (G1 and Boatos.org). In September of that year, the PT even published a letter supporting the then PT candidate for president of the republic, Fernando Haddad.

The montage with the same false copy returned to circulation in 2022, a scenario in which Lula is the presidential candidate of the republic against Jair Bolsonaro by the embattled PA and one of the main opponents of the current president.

Compromise Lula’s council reiterated the position it issued in 2018, when the video began circulating, that it was a montage and that the PT would never ask for votes from Jair Bolsonaro.

In recent checks, Comprova has come across content that even uses artificial tricks, such as rough editing, funny emojis and even the lack of synchronization between sound and image, in this case to interpret the video as satire. Profile description of the author of the post on TikTok [frases e memes] also contributes to this interpretation.

In the comments, however, it can be determined that only a part of the users understand the content as a piece of humor, while others praise the speech falsely attributed to President Jair Bolsonaro and Lula. By making an unexpected announcement, the publication helps to confuse and misinform the public.

Fake, for Komprova, is content that has been fabricated or edited to change its original meaning and is intentionally shared to spread falsehood.

Scope of publicationComprova investigates the most suspicious content on social media. By July 21, the publication had been reproduced more than 27 thousand times, had more than 300 likes and 40 comments.

What does the author of the post say?Couldn’t contact the TikTok profile that posted because the social network doesn’t allow messaging between profiles that don’t follow each other.

How do we check?Komprova started a Google search for the keywords “Lula” and “vote Bolsonaro” and found that the same disinformation content found in this check had already been analyzed in 2018 by G1 and also by Boatos.org, both of which classified the post as false. : .

Investigations cited that the images were originally from Lula’s interview with Rádio Metrópole, Bahia, conducted in March 2018. Based on this tip, Komprova did a new Google search for “Rádio Metrópole Lula March 2018”. Clicking on the “Videos” tab of the search platform found the original media posted on Lula’s official Facebook page.

To ensure that it is the same video, a comparison of the clothing and frame was made, and the politician’s gestures were used to achieve the cut used in the montage. From there, an analysis was made of the statements contained in the original interview and the segment that has become viral again on social networks, where Lula allegedly announces her vote in favor of Bolsonaro.

Komprova also requested a position from former President Lula’s press office and spoke with Mauricio de Cunto, forensic expert, professor and multimedia specialist at Phonolab.

The assembly in 2018

The same content that was checked in this check was already distributed in 2018. The original recording was taken from an interview Lula gave to Radio Metropolis de Salvador radio broadcaster Mario Kertez in March of that year.

The full interview, 43 minutes and 12 seconds long, can be found on PT’s Facebook profile as posted on March 6, 2018. On that occasion, Lula made a live broadcast on her social network.

At the very beginning of the interview, PT was asked about the real possibilities that he could register his candidacy for the position of the President of the Republic in the electoral justice. In parts of the conversation, the politician points out that his potential opponents in the dispute were afraid to face him at the polling stations, because they understood that he would certainly take the elections to the second round with a high chance of winning.

“I want to be a candidate because I am innocent. And I hope that justice will prove my innocence before registering my candidacy,” Lula said at the time. The PT member was arrested by the Federal Police a month later, on April 7, 2018, to serve his sentence in connection with the Guarujá triplex case. In January 2022, however, the court dismissed the case.

According to Comprova’s analysis, lip-reading and body gestures indicate that the segment used in the content found here covers the period from 36:52 to 37:09 of the interview. In the original video, Lula says the following:[…] Those who want to live. It is not possible for people not to realize… And you know more than me, I don’t make promises. I tell you that it is entirely possible for us to make this country happy again, to believe in Brazil, to produce more, to eat more, to earn more, and to live happily ever after.”

In a 31-second montage, the audio over the images brings the following phrases: God willing, by then I’ll be back racing and showing you how it’s done. Let’s not waste time voting for other candidates, our candidate should be Bolsonaro. I never imagined that one day I would say this, but there is no other solution, my friends.

Comprova sent the material to Mauricio de Cunto, forensic expert, professor and multimedia materials specialist from Fonolab. With decades of experience analyzing content similar to the one attested here, the professor says there is no doubt about editing. He quotes the phrase added at the end of the video [Lul4 diz votar em Bolsonaro e seus eleitores] as a prime example of editing, and points out that when there is an obvious intervention, as is the expression accompanying the children’s illustrations, there may be countless others, albeit more discreet ones.

Other items the expert listed as evidence of false content. For him, the lack of synchronization, low sound quality, as well as short video time are typical of misinformation circulating on the Internet.

The verified video also shows the installation of two figures with 22 in the center, alluding to the number of the Liberal Party, of which President Jair Bolsonaro is a member. The numbers are not in the original recording.

As for the sound used in the editing, Kunto lists three possibilities. The most likely for him. the voice would be that of a Lula impersonator. It would also be possible for the voice to be that of the former president, but with a speech taken out of context or a combination of several separate words to form the intended sentence. The professor explains that the confirmation of the authorship will depend on a much deeper and extensive analysis, but that identification becomes unnecessary, because, according to him, the editing is clear, and it does not make sense to say that such a statement came; From Bolsonaro’s opponent.

In 2018, PT released a statement clarifying that the play was a montage made four months after the interview aired. The party also stated that “fake news spreaders, knowing that audio/video synchronization is ridiculous, have also started spreading audio only.”

Finally, he reiterated that “Lula would never ask Bolsonaro for a vote.”

why do we studyComprova investigates questionable content that has gone viral on social media related to the COVID-19 pandemic, federal government public policy, and the presidential election. This time, the uninformed article refers to Lula’s alleged support for Jair Bolsonaro, the presidential candidate and pre-candidate, respectively, in the October elections of this year. False and misleading content is harmful to the democratic process because it undermines the right of voters to make their choices based on facts rather than hearsay and misinformation.

Other checks on the topicThe content targeted by this check had already gone viral in 2018 and was then classified as false fact or false investigation by the G1 portal and denied by Boatos.org.

As this year’s election process approaches, the number of disinformation content circulating on social networks is increasing, especially with the participation of presidential candidates, such as Lula. Komprova has already found the post to be a lie trying to link Lula and Manuela D’Avila to the stab wound against Bolsonaro, that Lula and the Colombian president-elect want to force people to share homes with other families, and that it is a fake video that tries to connect Lula’s son with Petrobras and fuel price hike.

Investigated by: Grupo Sinos, BandNews FM and CBN Cuiabá. Checked: CNN Brasil, Metrópoles, Folha de S. Paulo, Piauí, O Estado de S. Paulo, Correio Braziliense, Plural Curitiba, SBT, SBT News, O Povo, Nexo, O Dia and A Gazeta.

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