From Lindivan on June 30, 2022 at 7:44 p.m.
Brazil – The Federal Senate approved this Thursday (30) a proposal for an amendment to the Constitution (PEC) on aid, which envisions a package of R $ 40.2 billion to reduce the impact of successive increases in fuel prices.
In practice, the PEC strengthens existing social programs, while creating other benefits. The bill is now going to the House of Representatives.
The PEC would be voted on Wednesday (29), but the analysis was eventually postponed after pressure from the opposition, which required more time to discuss the text. The main point of the dispute was the device that allows the federal government to declare a state of emergency in terms of fuel.
The article was an alternative found by the PEC rapporteur, Senator Fernando Bezerra (MDB-PE), to remove the thesis that the project violates electoral legislation. This is because the law this year prohibits the giving of goods, values and benefits other than those already created before the election period. In this way, the Government excludes the possibility of the PEC being questioned in court and consequently losing its effectiveness.
The opposition, however, understands that the measure will serve as a “blank check” for the federal government to bypass election legislation in its favor. Faced with criticism, Bezerra has committed to editorial adjustments that, he said, limit the effects of the emergency regulation to those envisaged in drafting the proposal.
Help taxi drivers
Another last-minute change promoted by the rapporteur was the creation of a fee paid to duly registered taxi drivers.
In agreement with the government, Bezerra determined that the new fee would be limited to the equivalent cost of R $ 2.5 billion. This in turn will be allocated to taxi drivers and will be paid in monthly installments. The value, however, has not yet been defined.
Initially, the amendment also included application drivers. However, the government argued that it would be difficult to find mechanisms to regulate the transfer to professionals who collaborated on the platforms.
With this in mind, both the leader of the PL, Flávio Bolsonaro (RJ), and the head of government in the House, Carlos Portinho (RJ), articulated the creation of this new financial aid to be paid exclusively to taxi drivers. “President [Jair] Bolsonaro entered the circle, talked to Minister Paul Guedes, and it was generally decided that this limit of Rs 2.5 billion should be used to serve taxi drivers because enforcement is easier, ”Flávio explained.
What does the PEC say?
The rapporteur proposes increasing the value of Auxílio Brasil from R $ 400 to R $ 600, eliminating a number of beneficiaries still waiting to be included in the social program.
It is also planned: to expand the gas valley to the equivalent price of a cylinder in two months, and to create a monthly voucher of R $ 1000 for diesel truck drivers. The Union is also proposing to reimburse countries that adhere to tips for the elderly on public transport tickets.
In total, the PEC should cost about $ 40.2 billion for the public coffers. The measure was sponsored by the federal government, which is seeking to reduce growing rejection by President Jair Bolsonar (PL) over persistently high gasoline, diesel and ethanol prices.
See the main points of the PEC:
- Increases the value of Auxílio Brasil by R $ 200, from R $ 400 to R $ 600, with an estimated cost of R $ 26 billion;
- Deleted Auxílio Brasil queue. Currently, more than 1.6 million people are waiting to be involved in the payment of benefits;
- Increases the gas voucher to the equivalent of one bottle per bimetre. This measure is budgeted at R $ 1.5 billion;
- It provides an advantage of R $ 1 thousand for autonomous freight carriers. The measure, which will cost R $ 5.4 billion, covers only truck drivers in the National Road Freight Register (RNTRC);
- Creates benefits paid to taxi drivers, at a fixed cost of R $ 2 billion;
- It reimburses, at a cost of R $ 2.5 billion, states that provide free city public transportation for the elderly.
The remaining $ 3.35 billion will be used to ensure the existing special regime and tax differentiation for ethanol over gasoline.