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When, where and how to see the nearest solar eclipse

A partial solar eclipse will occur on Tuesday, October 25, with a maximum phase of 46% visible from Poland. Check out where and when this unusual phenomenon is best seen and learn how to photograph it safely.

A partial solar eclipse will occur on Tuesday, October 25. The phenomenon can be seen in North Africa, the Middle East, Western Asia and almost all of Europe, including Poland.

Map showing the partial solar eclipse belt on October 25, 2022. Display: www.timeanddate.com

Where in Poland is the largest phase of the solar eclipse visible?

A partial eclipse means that the Moon does not completely cover the Sun, but only “laughs” on its shield – on Tuesday, it will do it from above. The closer to the northeastern border of our country, the greater the eclipse phase.

Therefore, in the vicinity of Suwałk, the phase of the phenomenon is the largest – the moon covers the shield in 46 percentand in the southwestern regions the lowest – in Wrocław is 34%. In Warsaw, it is 41 percent.

This is what the maximum phase of the partial solar eclipse looks like from Warsaw. Display: www.timeanddate.com

At what time and where can the solar eclipse be observed in Poland?

In Suwałki, the solar eclipse starts at 11:15 and lasts for 2 hours and 20 minutes, reaching its maximum phase at 12:14. In Szczecin the departure starts at 11:09, in Warsaw at 11:14, in Wrocław at 11:12 and in Rzeszów at 11:16. The time differences in Poland are therefore of the order of a few minutes.


Generally, nationally, the maximum phase is expected to be around 12:15-12:30 (It is 12:23 in Warsaw). A detailed, interactive map of this year’s eclipse can be found at www.timeanddate.com.

Solar eclipse – how and what to observe to be safe?

Be extra careful while observing and Do not look directly into the sun without protection. We recommend not using dark glasses, black glasses and CDs, as they do not provide sufficient security. Eclipse glasses, mylar films or welding filters (glasses, masks) should be used.

Why look at the sun?

You should look at the sun through dark glasses, mylar films or welding filters. photo: NASA/Aubrey Gemignani

Under no circumstances should you look directly at the sun through optical instruments such as binoculars, a telescope, or a reflex camera with a telephoto lens. It can cause damage or even loss of vision. The lenses must be equipped with strong gray ND filters or special solar films (mylar), which can be bought from, for example, astronomical stores.

The safest way to observe a solar eclipse is to project the image onto a screen through binoculars or a telescope. We place the optical instrument on the tripod, the lens towards the sun, and the image projected through the eyepiece is viewed on the screen (e.g. on paper). Attention! when placing the device, we don’t look through it, we just follow the shadow it creates.

How to observe a solar eclipse

Projecting an image onto a screen through binoculars or a telescope is one of the safest ways to observe the Sun. photo by NASA

Overshadowed by the moon We can also see the disk of the sun under the treeswhen the rays break through the leaves, projecting the image on the ground or in some dark room (e.g. a garage) where the sun’s rays fall through small cracks. This is how the Sun was observed in ancient times.

This is how the camera obscura works. So you can even use the box to observe the solar eclipse – on one side we make a small hole with a pin, through which the rays project the image to the opposite side.

When is the next solar eclipse?

We won’t be able to admire the next solar eclipse visible from our country until March 29, 2025. It is also partial, but much less glamorous.

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